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Revolutions, droughts, famines, invasions, wars, regicides – the calamities of the mid-seventeenth century were not only
unprecedented, they were agonisingly widespread. A global crisis extended from England to Japan, and from the Russian
Empire to sub-Saharan Africa. North and South America, too, suffered turbulence. The distinguished historian Geoffrey
Parker examines first-hand accounts of men and women throughout the world describing what they saw and suffered during a
sequence of political, economic and social crises that stretched from 1618 to the 1680s. Parker also deploys scientific
evidence concerning climate conditions of the period, and his use of ‘natural’ as well as ‘human’ archives transforms
our understanding of the World Crisis. Changes in the prevailing weather patterns during the 1640s and 1650s – longer
and harsher winters, and cooler and wetter summers – disrupted growing seasons, causing dearth, malnutrition, and
disease, along with more deaths and fewer births. Some contemporaries estimated that one-third of the world died, and
much of the surviving historical evidence supports their pessimism.
Parker’s demonstration of the link between climate change and worldwide catastrophe 350 years ago stands as an
extraordinary historical achievement. And the contemporary implications of his study are equally important: are we at
all prepared today for the catastrophes that climate change could bring tomorrow?