The Enlightenment: And Why It Still Matters

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    One of our most renowned and brilliant historians takes a fresh look at the revolutionary intellectual movement that
    laid the foundation for the modern world.

    Liberty and equality. Human rights. Freedom of thought and expression. Belief in reason and progress. The value of
    scientific inquiry. These are just some of the ideas that were conceived and developed during the Enlightenment, and
    which changed forever the intellectual landscape of the Western world. Spanning hundreds of years of history, Anthony
    Pagden traces the origins of this seminal movement, showing how Enlightenment concepts directly influenced modern
    culture, making possible a secular, tolerant, and, above all, cosmopolitan world.

    Everyone can agree on its impact. But in the end, just what was Enlightenment? A cohesive philosophical project? A
    discrete time period in the life of the mind when the superstitions of the past were overthrown and reason and equality
    came to the fore? Or an open-ended intellectual process, a way of looking at the world and the human condition, that
    continued long after the eighteenth century ended? To address these questions, Pagden introduces us to some of the
    unforgettable characters who defined the Enlightenment, including David Hume, the Scottish skeptic who advanced the idea
    of a universal “science of man”; François-Marie Arouet, better known to the world as Voltaire, the acerbic novelist and
    social critic who challenged the authority of the Catholic Church; and Immanuel Kant, the reclusive German philosopher
    for whom the triumph of a cosmopolitan world represented the final stage in mankind’s evolution. Comprehensive in his
    analysis of this heterogeneous group of scholars and their lasting impact on the world, Pagden argues that Enlightenment
    ideas go beyond the “empire of reason” to involve the full recognition of the emotional ties that bind all human beings
    together. The “human science” developed by these eminent thinkers led to a universalizing vision of humanity, a bid to
    dissolve the barriers past generations had attempted to erect between the different cultures of the world.

    A clear and compelling explanation of the philosophical underpinnings of the modern world, The Enlightenment is a
    scintillating portrait of a period, a critical moment in history, and a revolution in thought that continues to this

    Praise for The Enlightenment

    “Sweeping . . . Like being guided through a vast ballroom of rotating strangers by a confiding insider.”—The Washington

    “Fascinating.”—The Telegraph (London)

    “A political tract for our time.”—The Wall Street Journal

    “For those who recognize the names Hegel, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Voltaire, and Diderot but are unfamiliar with their
    thought, [Anthony] Padgen provides a fantastic introduction, explaining the driving philosophies of the period and
    placing their proponents in context. . . . Padgen’s belief that the Enlightenment ‘made it possible for us to think . .
    . beyond the narrow worlds into which we are born’ is clearly and cogently presented.”—Publishers Weekly (starred

    “The Enlightenment really does still matter, and with a combination of gripping storytelling about colorful characters
    and lucid explanation of profound ideas, Anthony Pagden shows why.”—Steven Pinker, author of The Better Angels of Our
    Nature and The Blank Slate


    Bestsellers in Europe